Financing in the Islamic System and Sustainable Economic Development of Selected Islamic Countries
Financial markets have the obligation to support the real economy has become the development and sustainable economic growth. Capital is an indispensable tool for economic growth and prosperity, which is accelerated through the financial markets, and Islamic finance tools have developed significantly in Islamic countries in recent years. Promoting macroeconomic objectives such as sustainability and achieving endogenous and viable economic growth are the purposes of all economic systems. Increasing growth of financial methods and development of these systems drives from this reality that the sustainable development of the financial system is an integral part of economic system development. Islamic financing has emerged in the world financial literature, intending to provide a new model for replacing conventional financial plans and providing financial, commercial and investment facilities and opportunities by the principles of Sharia. This system has been able to identify its various dimensions. Due to the particular benefits and advantages of Islamic financing, the issue of Islamic financing has become critical in the international arena. By assuming Islamic financial systems, it can be concluded that they do not permit the use of current financial methods since usury is forbidden in Islam. So, they attempt to create Islamic financial instruments. As an Islamic and non-usury financial instrument, Sukuk has found a suitable position among Islamic governments and companies. Islamic financing has emerged in the world financial literature to provide a new model for replacing traditional and conventional financial systems and providing financial, commercial and investment facilities and opportunities under the principles of Sharia. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the role of Islamic financing of Sukuk on the economic growth of Malaysia, Iran, Pakistan, Qatar, Bahrain, Turkey, Indonesia, UAE and Saudi Arabia; applying the panel data, will be analysed the variables affecting economic growth (government spending, gross capital formation, labour force, exports and Sukuk).
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