Indifference and virtue: Pyrrhon according to Cicero
Cicero’s mentions of Pyrrho insist on two supposed dimensions of his philosophical teaching: indifference and virtue. By mentioning this forgotten philosopher, Cicero still intends to make him the most vivid manifestation of a philosophical position consisting in denying any difference among the intermediate things between virtue and vice. Almost always associated with the other philosopher of indifference (Ariston and Erillus), Pyrrho embodies an excessive and apathetic indifference, incompatible with practical life and untenable. However, this description has a notable originality: the idea that Pyrrhon defended honestas (to the point of excess) can be found in none of the testimonia, but Cicero’s ones. The aim of this study is to analyse the Ciceronian mentions of Pyrrho and the doxographies that Cicero inherits by analysing the modifications he makes: this will highlight the fact that Pyrrho is a scarecrow that Cicero has both inherited and transformed and that assumes a major strategic role in his critique of indifferentism and of the stoics’ atrocitas.
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