Gain et perte dans l’économie moderne des métaphores

  • Patrick Marot Université de Toulouse 2-Jean Jaurès


All theoretical models dealing with metaphor have in common the idea that this figure must be understood in terms of gain and loss, within the framework of a semantic economy of the figure, whether it be considered on the local - rhetorical - level of the discourse, as inherited from the Aristotelian tradition, on the level of the whole work, as with the symbolic paradigm fixed by German idealism, or on the level of language, as with the theoretical perspective of the semioticians or Derrida; on the level of our conditions of representation, as in post-Kantian approaches (Blumenberg), or on the level of communication in the framework of a pragmatics of language (Sperber and Wilson, for example). The question of loss and gain implies the question of the cognitive status of metaphor and, therefore, this of the metaphysical principles from which derives the type of figurability by which the metaphor is produced - whether these principles are explicit or not. Since the crisis of criticism, to the fullness of gain, as assumed by ontotheological models (Heidegger), is opposed the idea that the field of metaphor is characterised by loss, whose various models of the 19th and 20th centuries elaborate in different ways the fruitful turnaround.

Biografia autore

Patrick Marot, Université de Toulouse 2-Jean Jaurès

Docente di Letteratura francese moderna e contemporanea all'Università di Tolosa 2-Jean Jaurès. Specialista dell'opera di Julien Gracq, ha pubblicato anche opere sulla letteratura del XIX secolo, sulla teoria della letteratura e sul rapporto tra letteratura e filosofia.

Come citare
Marot, P. (2022). Gain et perte dans l’économie moderne des métaphores. Philosophy Kitchen - Rivista Di Filosofia Contemporanea, (17), 13-28.
I. Paesaggi fondativi