From words to deeds. The written future of forensic oratory

  • Gianluca Sposito, GS Urbino University


Greek and Roman rhetoric distinguished between the use of visual aids and the use of words in an imaginative and suggestive function, demonstrating the extent to which verbal communication can succeed in matching the persuasive power of images through evidentia. Nowadays, effective communication, even in the judicial sphere, requires a speaker able to imagine and an interlocutor willing to follow her. However, in our times a general lack of engagement with the science of rhetoric and the characteristics of the judicial system (at least the Italian one) and its protagonists do not allow for improvements of the oratorical performance, notwithstanding the guidance offered by rhetoric. In most civil and criminal proceedings, the abandonment of orality is expedient, with an increasing recourse to written oratory guided - through renewed training of all operators - by knowledge of classical rhetoric, adapted to the times, to the interlocutors, and to the—written—medium used.


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Author Biography

Gianluca Sposito, GS, Urbino University

Gianluca Sposito (Napoli, 1973) è avvocato e docente di “Argomentazione giuridica e retorica forense” nel Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza dell’Università di Urbino dal 2004. È uno studioso e un divulgatore di retorica e comunicazione, autore di numerosi testi (Manuale di retorica forense, 2020; Dizionario di retorica, 2020; The Keys of Legal Rhetoric. A Handbook for Lawyers, 2020; Le regole del discorso perfetto, 2021). È fondatore e direttore della “Scuola di Retorica” e di “Visiones - Centro di studi sull’oratoria antica e moderna”, nonché ideatore del blog “”.

How to Cite
Sposito, G. (2022). From words to deeds. The written future of forensic oratory. Ciceroniana On Line, 6(2), 281-289.